- FinTech - Empirical market conditions in Germany
Together with Prof. Dr. Gregor Dorfleitner (Regensberg University), Jun. Prof. Dr. Lars Hornuf (IAAEU and Economics, Trier University) acquired an externally funded project which is entitled "FinTech – Markt in Deutschland." The client for this project is the Federal Ministry of Finance in Germany. The project will start in January 2016 and will be completed by summer 2016.The aim of this research project is to define the term "FinTech" under consideration of the empirical market conditions in Germany and the international research literature. Furthermore, the project will try to identity the relevant Fintech institutions in Germany including their activities. Building on the entirety of that which will be defined, the research team will ascertain and analyze the market sizes and volumes. A special focus is placed on Crowdfunding, Crowdinvesting, Crowdlending, Robo Advice, Personal Financial Management and Social Trading. Finally the team will identify technological residues and barriers that hinder the development of the market. Finally, a market forecast for the next 5, 10 and 20 years will be created.
"The Right to Strike: A Need to Align Different Interpretations?"
On the 22nd of April 2016, a conference organized by the Social Justice Expertise Center (SJEC) in Leiden took place to discuss the necessity of a unified interpretation of fundamental social rights. Prof. Schlachter, judicial Director of the IAAEU and Vice President of the European Commission on Social Rights, held a lecture on the right to strike. She concluded that the ability to uphold social rights is dependent on a coherent interpretation of international regulations. The right to strike is guaranteed at the supranational level by various instruments (compare with ILO Convention Nr. 87, Art. 6 ESC, Art. 11 EMRK) whose inconsistent interpretation could hamper the protection of that very right. Particularly in times of economic crisis, the effective use of such protective instruments is of special import. The individual presentations can be found in condensed form in a recently published collected volume.
- Research Residence of Marco de Pinto at the Centre for European Economic Research Mannheim
From the 26th until the 30th of September 2016, Dr. Marco de Pinto worked as a visiting researcher at the research department "Labour Markets, Human Resources and Social Policy" of the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW). In cooperation with researchers of the ZEW, he worked on a research project, which aims to analyse the effects of international trade on employment biographies in local labour markets. Further information concerning this project can be found here.
Legislating Equal Pay? Which advances can be expected from the planned law for just wages?
At the beginning of October, the coalition committee of the "Great Coalition" agreed upon central points for a new law intended to make wages more just. The bill is expected to be delivered to the German Federal Cabinet in December and to be passed in the summer of 2017. The IAAEU is taking the legislative initiative as an opportunity to cast light on the legal aspects of wage fairness between the sexes and, to serve this purpose, will be holding a lecture event. The event took place on the 12th of December at 6pm (cum tempore) in the Max-Weber Room of the IAAEU (Campus 2, Room H714). The attorney Dr. Lena Oerder (SLT Chancellery for Labour Law, Dusseldorf), a well-known expert on wage equality has been engaged for the lecture. Beginning with her dissertation titled "On Equal Wages for Men and Women", Dr. Oerder has long investigated the problem of wage equality, not only from a legal perspective but also from a socio-legal perspective. In her lecture, she will present information on the planned legislation and report on whether it is truly appropriate for advancing the cause of just wages.
- Labour Law Practioner's seminar in Kassel
On the 29th of April 2016, the Labour Law Practioners‘ seminar, led by Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Monika Schlachter, took place at the Federal Social Court of Germany in Kassel. The seminar was opened with a lecture by Dr. Doreen Schmeer concerning new ways of managing ideas und konwledge in multinational companies. Prof. Dr. Thomas Weiss followed with a discussion of problems and possible solutions to the question of whether collective agreements concerning provision of personnel should be considered to be impermissable cases of personnel leasing. The seminar ended with a lecture by Kai Hoffmeister concerning multinational corporations' execution of business unit divestiture as well as the execution of mergers and corporate reorganisation.
The participants of the workshop in front of the Federal Social Court of Germany
- German-Israeli Research Cooperation Approved
The grant proposal for a comparative law study titled "Strikes in Essential Services" has been approved by the German Israeli Foundation (GIF). The project, starting in January 2016 and running over three years, and will be led Prof. Dr. Monika Schlachter (Universität Trier) and Prof. Mordechai Mironi (Universität Haifa, Israel). The cooperation project will study the current problem of strikes in the public welfare services, where the public interest in continual provision of welfare services stands in potential conflict with the international and constitutionally guaranteed rights of workers (freedom of association and assembly as well as the right to strike). The goal of the project is to elucidate the international guarantee of the right to strike, in particular through the detailed analysis of rulings from the Internation Labour Organization (ILO) and the instruments of the Council of Europe (Human Rights Convention and the Social Charta), and to compare these guarantees with the real world solutions to the resultant problems in the provision of welfare services as practiced in 12 different countries. The study plans to produce structured, individual reports on Brazil, Canada, Germany, France, Israel, Italy, Japan, Poland, Sweden, South Africa, Great Britain and the USA. The result will be a presentation of tried regulatory models with their respective legal, economic, social and political conditions of effectiveness.
- Workshop "Subjective Survey Data in Labour Market Research"
The Institute for Labour Law and Industrial Relations in the European Union held a workshop on "Subjective Survey Data in Labour Market Research" on the 7th and 8th of October 2016. Mr. Andrew E. Clark (Paris School of Economics – CNRS) will give the keynote lecture. The workshop is aimed at empirical oriented researchers, who analyse subjective survey data as a determinant or as a result in labour market contexts. The final programme and further information can be found here.
- 8th Economic Workshop
On Friday, the 19th of February, the 8th Economic Workshop was held by the Institute for Labour Law and Industrial Relations in the European Union (IAAEU) at Trier University. As part of the workshop, scientists from different universities and research institutes shared and discussed the results of their latest research projects. As in years past, the topics covered a wide spectrum, from personnel economics to behavioral economics through to the newest research over the financial sector. Included among the lecturers were not only professors from several universities but also as promising young scientists. We were particularly pleased to welcome Benjamin Schwanebeck (Kassel University) who analyzed the impact of different examination regulations on the grades of students. Christian Haddad (University Lille II) presented legal and economic determinants, which influence the global development of FinTech Markets. The IAAEU was pleased to welcome not only German-speaking researchers, but also researchers from France, Luxembourg and Italy in Trier. At the end of the conference, both the participants and the organizers were well pleased with the quality of the lectures and discussions as well as the possibilities for networking and consolidation.
- IAAEU-Research on Fraudulent Behavior within Organisations
Only recently has the press announced tot he world that VW has been using special software to cheat their way to lower nitric oxide values in their vehicles‘ exhaust for tests from organisations like the International Council on Clean Transportation. Fraudulent behavior is not, however, limited to the automotive sector; fraudulent behavior is, infact, omnipresent. There are even reports of international bankers colluding on benchmark interest rates like the LIBOR an EURIBOR in order to make illegal profits. In an experimental study that took place in cooperation between the IAAEU and the Center for Leadership and People Management (CLPM) at the LMU München, the researchers Susanne Braun and Lars Hornuf investigate the degree to which authentic leadership influences the honesty of employees. The results are informative but also sobering. Although the participants in the study percieved their boss as authentic, the subjects showed minor but persistently fraudulent behavior. Other factors such as the obviously fraudulent behavior of other subjects or personally being cheated by other subjects were also inconsequetial for an individual’s level of fraudulence. The results showed that fraudulent behavior among employees is persistent and that only long-term measures show any promise for correcting the situation. The results of the study can be found under IAAEU Discussion Paper 10/2015.
- The IAAEU at the Annual Conference of the Verein für Socialpolitic (VfS)
From the 6th to the 9th of 2015, the annual conference of the Association for Social Politics, with more than 4.000 German speaking scientists as members, took place at the Westphalian Wilhelms-University in Münster. As in years past, members of the IAAEU were there to present findings from their research.One important field of study at the institute is sickness leave and it became even more apparent at this year’s conference. At the meeting concerning this topic, three different researchers form the institute presented their findings concerning the following research questions: The effect of commuting between work and home on sickness leave, The consequences of sick leave on internal career mobility, The connection between days missed and the decision to go to work despite being sick. In addition to that, there were three other studies written by members of the IAAEU and their coauthors, concerning crowd-investing, the motivation of employees in social work and the social-politic effects of the euro-crisis respectively. The widespread participation of IAAEU researchers at the most important conference for German language economists makes clear the significance and the high quality of the analysis taking place in Trier.
- IAAEU Economists on the road again in 2015
2015 saw the economists from the IAAEU back on the road, sharing their newest findings with the world and entering into an exciting discourse with researchers from other institutions. On average, IAAEU scientists presented at six different conferences. At the Annual Conference of the Verein für Socialpolitik (VfS), the most important conference for German economists, the IAAEU was represented with six seperate lectures. The IAAEU was also on the scene at international conferences, both on european soil and elsewhere in the world. IAAEU researchers were present at the annual conference of the Society for Population Economics in Izmir and the Spring Meeting for Young Economists in Ghent – they even made it over the pond (for example the annual conference of the American Law and Economics Association in New York or the fourth World Meeting of the American Society of Labor Economists (SOLE) and the European Association of Labour Economists (EALE) in Montreal). The expansive lecture programme supports the exchange of ideas with other scientists and underlines the excellent research activitities of IAAEU members. More information on the specific conferences attended can be found here.
- Labour Law Practioners’ Seminar in Kassel
On the 12th of June 2015, the Labour Law Practioners’ seminar, led by Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Monika Schlachter, took place at the Federal Social Court of Germany in Kassel. The seminar was opened with a lecture by Judge Ulf Kortstock from the Labour Court on the topic "The New Vacation Laws after decisions from the European Court of Justice and the German Labour Court." Judge Dr. Christian Mecke from the Federal Social Court of Germany followed with a talk on draft laws for the new organization of the rights of in-house legal counsels. The seminar ended with Judge Dr. Hans-Jürgen Rupp explaining occupational integration management during the dismissal process.
- Multidisciplinary Workshop at the IAAEU
On the 7th of May 2015, a multidisciplinary workshop took place in the Max-Weber-Room of the IAAEU. Both directors of the Institute, Prof. Dr. Dr. h. c. Schlachter and Prof. Dr. Goerke, along with researchers from both the judicial and economic team took part in the workshop. Sabrina Jeworrek opened the workshop with a presentation over her research project titled "Works Councils and Vacation". Konstantin Esch followed by presenting the current results from his dissertation on the topic of "Risk: Portability of Company Pensions?". Dr. Mario Mechtel contributed with the newest findings from his study "The Causal Effect of a Local Alcohol Sales Ban on Crime". Thomas Klein closed the workshop with his dissertation, in which he investigates the sphere of influence of civil servants in private business on collective agreements.
- Legal Problems of the new Minimum Wage
Lecture from Prof. Dr. Philipp Fischinger, LL. M. (Harvard), University of Mannheim on Wednesday the 29th of April 2015 at the IAAEU in Trier: "Rechtsprobleme des neuen Mindestlohnes" ("Legal problems of the new minimum wage"). The slides of the presentation are available here.
- New visiting researcher from Lithuania at IAAEU
In April 2015, the Department of Labour Law at the IAAEU welcomed Dr. Agne Vaitkeviciute from Lithuania as a visiting researcher at the institute. During her research stay she focused on the project "Erwerbstätigkeit im Rentenalter? – Instrumente zur Verbesserung der Beschäftigungs-chancen jenseits der Altersgrenze: Anregungen aus der schwedischen und finnischen Praxis".
- Prof. Goerke receives top ranking in the Handelsblatt
The economic department director of the IAAEU, Prof. Dr. Laszlo Goerke, is, according to the newest rankings by the Handelsblatt (published 15.12.2014), among the strongest German speaking economics researchers. In the category ‚Lifework‘, Prof. Goerke improved his standing from place 38 to place 28, narrowly missing the top 25. The Handelsblatt-Ranking measures the research accomplishments of over 200 active economists in Germany, Austria and Switzerland biannually. The study is done by the ETH Zurich's Swiss Institute for Business Cycle Research (KOF). The rankings are based on internationally accepted evaluation standards, primarily publications in the circa 1000 international academic journals for economics. The complete Handelsblatt-Ranking can be found here.
- IAAEU Department of Labour Law’s excursion to the European Court of Justice
On the 20th of November 2014, the IAAEU Department of Labour Law, under the leadership of Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Monika Schlachter, visited the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg. The excursion was planned for University of Trier law students. The focus of the excursion was the participation in oral argumentation concerning the case Lyttle u.a. (C-182/13, C-392/13, C-80/14), in which the meaning of the term establishment (Betrieb) in the legal framework surrounding collective redundancies played a central role. In addition to that, the students were able to get a personal impression of the workings and functions of the ECJ, while also getting to tour parts of the ECJ building.
- The IAAEU Law Department and the students in the entry hall of the ECJ.
- 6th Economics Workshop at the IAAEU
On the 14th and 15th of February 2014, the 6th Economics Workshop was held by the Institute for Labour Law and Labour Relations in the European Union at the University of Trier. As part of the workshop, around 20 scientists from different universities and research institutes shared and discussed the results of their newest research. As in years past, the topics covered a wide spectrum, from personnel economics to behavioral economics through to the newest research over the financial sector. Included among the lecturers were not only professors from several universities but also as promising young scientists.
We were particularly pleased to welcome Dr. Benjamin Weigert, Secretary General of the German Council of Economic Experts, as our keynote speaker as he was able to give us insights into the process of giving impartial scientific counsel to governments. The debt repayment fund, suggested by the council in 2012 as an answer to the European debt crisis, played a central role in Dr. Weigert’s lecture and was discussed critically by the young scientists present. As is tradition, the participants voted on the best lecture of the conference and this year selected Florian Baumann (University of Düsseldorf) and Tim Friehe (University of Bonn) for their work on optimal reward systems for attorneys in judicial processes. The participants were in agreement the workshop should take place again, for the seventh time, next year.
- Joseph A. Schumpeter-Prize for Dr. Mario Mechtel
Mario Mechtel, research associate at the IAAEU, was honored with the Joseph A. Schumpeter-Prize for outstanding young researchers in Department IV of the University of Trier. The Joseph A. Schumpeter-Prize monies of 1000 euros are financed by the the Deutschen Bundesbank in Rheinland-Palatinate and Saarland. The presentation of the prize took place during a graduation ceremony and was presented by the director of the Deutschen Bundesbank Saarland, Karl Heinz Thiel. The Institute is very pleased for Dr. Mechtel.
- Spring Meeting of Young Economists: Best Paper Award for Dr. Mario Mechtel
Mario Mechtel, research associate at the IAAEU, was distinguished with the Best Paper Award from one of the most renowned conferences for young researchers, the Spring Meeting of Young Economists (SMYE) in Vienna. Once a year, the best young researchers from across Europe meet there to discuss new findings. This year, only 150 young researchers were selected from a total of 700 applicants to attend the conference. Along with Mario Mechtel, two other researchers from the IAAEU were selected to attend the conference, Adrian Chadi and Sabrina Jeworrek. Based on the evaluations from experts in the field, the best papers were selected and evaluated again by representatives of the programme committee and the members of the board of executives for the European Association of Young Economists. Mario Mechtel and his co-author Agnes Bäcker from the University of Tübingen were recognized for their paper titled "Peer Effects in Cheating on Task Performance". The prize came with a purse of 500 euros. The IAAEU is pleased to congratulate Mario Mechtel as the first researcher from Trier to have earned the SMYE Best Paper Award.
- Dr. Mario Mechtel publishes study on consumption and status in east and west Germany in the European Economic Review.
The IAAEU would like to congratulate Mario Mechtel for his publication in one of the most renowned economic journals, the European Economic Review. The therein published cooperative project with Prof. Dr. Tim Friehe (University of Bonn) studied the influence of political regimes on individual preferences. Using data which was representative for Germany, they were able to show that "conspicuous consumption" played a much larger role in east Germany than in west Germany after the reunification. Although the considerable disparity in the consumption of goods associated with status has diminished in the last two decades, as of 2008 a significant gap still remained.
Reference: Friehe, T. and M. Mechtel, 2014. Conspicuous Consumption and Political Regimes: Evidence from East and West Germany, European Economic Review, Bd. 67, S. 62-81.
- Conference on Sickness Absenteeism and Presenteeism
On the 10th and 11th of October 2013, the Department for Economics at the Institute for Labour Law and Labour Relations in the European Union (IAAEU) held a conference on "Sickness Abenteeism" while also moving into the relatively new field of ‘Presenteeism’. The idea of presenteeism, the phaenomenon of employees attending work despite their being sick, has recently moved into the focus of not just scientists but also the public at large.
A significant part of the costs of sickness to society and business is not manifested in failing to appear at work, rather the costs are incurred by working sick. This was a primary reason to focus the researchers’ attention on this new field of study, without forgetting absenteeism. In addition to economists and behavioral researchers from Denmark, Germany, France, Great Britain, Austria, Spain and Switzerland, representatives from businesses and administrations also took part in the conference.
The subject matter of the 12 lectures ranged from the influence of the business organization form to the effect of regional attitudes towards absenteeism. One particular study pursued the question of whether increases in sick leave during economic booms were related to an increased risk of infection in the workplace, as already sick workers were unable or unwilling to take the necessary time off.
2 of the 12 lectures were presented by scientists from the IAAEU. The 28 participants used the constructive atmosphere to engage in discussions on the presentations and were all impressed by the vitality of the research in the fields of absenteeism and presenteeism. The organizers were also extremely pleased at the large numbers of applicants to the conference, which led to only three quarters of all applicants being accepted.
5th Economics Workshop at the IAAEU TrierOn the 1st and 2nd of March 2013, the 5th Economics Workshop at the IAAEU in Trier took place. At the workshop, young academics had the chance to present and discuss their newest findings. Around 30 economists from around the world had the chance to bring together research from the fields of personal economics, labour economics, experimental economics, happiness research, financial science, international economics and political economics. The highlight was a Friday evening keynote lecture from Dr. Salvatore Barbaro, Secretary for the Ministry of Finance in the Rheinland-Palatinate. In his lecture on the topic "Prospects in the Politics of Taxation", he described three long term developmental guidelines for tax policy up to 2020. Alongside his thoughts on capital-based taxation and the maintenance of a well-functioning tax administration, he also presented concepts that can contribute to a disentanglement of fiscal federalism. The 24 lectures also proved exciting. Examples included Leonie Gerhard from the University of Frankfurt who presented an experimental study on the role of intrinsic motivation on an employee’s work effort. Another lecture, this time from Dana Sisak of the University of Rotterdam, showed that careers in which excellence was better rewarded attracted better qualified persons and drew interesting implications from the findings, concerning for example the pay scales of teachers. After the final lecture on Saturday, the participants elected a winners for the "Best Paper Awards". The prize went to Emanuel Hansen from the University of Cologne for his study on negative income taxation. At the end of the conference, both the participants and the organizers were well pleased with the quality of the lectures and discussions as well as the possibilities for networking and consolidation. All involved parties expressed excitement for a 6th workshop in the following year.
- Prof. Dr. Laszlo Goerke (University of Trier / IAAEU) and Prof. Dr. Markus Pannenberg (University of Applied Sciences Bielefeld) have recieved the DBW Best Paper Award for 2012 for their work "Ist §1a KSchG ein Nullum? Eine Analyse der Veränderung in der Verteilung der Abfindungsfaktoren in Westdeutschland." The prize is given every year by the DBW / Business Administration Review (BARev) to honor special accomplishments in the field. The winners receive a certificate documenting their achievement as well as a year's subscription to the DBW journal. The publishers choose the best paper based on the following criteria: relevante, theoretical and conceptual foundation, methodology and innovation. The laudatory announcement can be found here.
- Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Monika Schlachter has been reelected Vice-President of the European Committee of Social Rights.
The ministers committee of the Council of Europe voted Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Monika Schlachter for another two year term as Vice-President of the European Committee of Social Rights (ECSR). The job of the ECSR is the oversight of adherence to the European Social Charter. Monika Schlachter currently occupies the professorship for International and European labour law and civil law at the University of Trier and is director of the Institute for Labour Law and Industrial Relations in the European Union (IAAEU). She has been a member of the ECSR since 2006. >> Further Information
Dr. Vanessa Mertins received the Best Paper Award from the NeuroPsychoEconomics Conference 2012 in Rotterdam. Her study "Can genotype predict player type?" (With J. Meyer and A. Schote) was chosen by a jury in a two stage process as the best in the "Social Neuroscience: Cooperation, Trust & Hormones" track and later was honored with the "Overall Best Paper Award". Congratulations!